APM Terminals: 5G, ‘edge computing’ and V2X connectivity

APM Terminals operates one of many largest port and land service networks on the earth. Belonging to the AP Moller Maersk group, technological innovation performs a key position in its objective of changing into an end-to-end operator, producing worth all through the logistics chain. In the present day, they’re collaborating with Telefónica on a pilot challenge to enhance the safety of their terminal in Barcelona, ​​by means of a mix of 5G know-how, edge computing and C-V2X.

“This challenge arises, – says Sergi Domínguez, Head of IT at APM Terminals Spanish Gateways – like many innovation tasks, as an answer to an issue. Following an accident at one among our terminals in america, we confronted inside the company the problem of discovering options that might forestall comparable accidents. Right here in Barcelona we did an inner evaluation within the IT division. We’re on the lookout for a know-how wi-fi to have the ability to present these options and we instantly considered 5G. We contacted Cell World Capital, which allowed us to determine contacts with companions excited about a challenge of those traits ”.

Un challenge of Cell World Capital, APM Terminals and Telefónica to enhance port safety

Telefónica accepted the technological problem. Inside its technique of working 5G use instances hand in hand with shoppers, the case match like a glove. Till then, Telefónica had targeted its efforts on enhancing security within the automotive subject, providing superior driving help . And all of the expertise acquired in these related automobile pilot tasks might be transferred to the economic subject.

“Take part in a challenge like this with a companion Like Telefónica, it undoubtedly contributes a stage of experience and of extraordinary information – affirms Sergi-. It’s clear that Telefónica is without doubt one of the largest gamers worldwide within the telecommunications and technological innovation sector. It is a companion our normal follow, and the connection may be very fluid and collaborative. Go hand in hand with Telefónica actually offers us that diploma of safety that we’re engaged on the best line ”.

Stop dangers in a extremely demanding setting

The port terminal of Barcelona is without doubt one of the so-called gateway, that’s, most of its motion is concentrated on the import and export of products. Each by sea, with the loading and unloading of ships, and by land, with a steady inflow of trains and vehicles. “To present you an thought of ​​the quantity we handle,” says Sergi, “we’re speaking about a mean of about 1,800 or 2,000 vehicles getting into the terminal every day. Ships of as much as sixteen thousand TEUs. Maritime operations and practice operations are 24 × 7, now we have no relaxation. Land operations with vehicles are solely closed at evening ”.

It’s a extremely demanding and high-risk setting, with a steady motion of individuals, autos and heavy equipment.

This 5G pilot will assist drivers of heavy equipment keep away from accidents

“The dangers that happen in a port terminal like ours right here in Barcelona, ​​and generally in all port terminals, are principally as a result of machine-man relationship – continues Sergi. That danger of being individuals close to heavy equipment. Not solely our personal workers, but additionally the stevedoring workers and the truckers who entry our services. That is the best danger that now we have detected, the place we focus many assets. This 5G pilot we consider will assist enhance safety of our operations. It would assist to keep away from attainable accidents, collisions or run over, giving assist to the manipulators of our heavy equipment to keep away from them. As well as, it’s going to assist optimize operations. This may have a direct reflection on our high quality of service to our shoppers. Safer operations are at all times extra environment friendly operations. The utmost beneficiaries would be the individuals and due to this fact additionally our shoppers ”.

An alert system for related cranes

The challenge consists, in line with Sergi, in making use of C-V2X know-how to heavy equipment. This know-how makes it attainable to ship alerts between all related autos in a given radius. This makes it attainable to geolocate them, transmit info between them and generate alerts within the occasion of a attainable collision or accident. To make it attainable, have supplied a part of the Barcelona terminal with 5G protection. “It’s tough to simulate an setting akin to a port terminal – continues Sergi – so we thought that the easiest way was to create an actual laboratory within the terminal itself, to acquire essentially the most reasonable outcomes attainable. Proper now we’re in a proof-of-concept part. We are going to use three of our machines to develop the system and examine its effectivity. Within the close to future, we can prolong it to the complete terminal as another system to offer that diploma of safety that we search for our operations. “

Straddle service cranes are pushed at a top of 12 m

“The aim of this challenge – Leticia López, Skilled in 5G & Related Mobility Companies at Telefónica tells us – is the cranes straddle service. They’re cranes which can be pushed 12 meters excessive. It is vitally heavy equipment that has inevitable blind spots. To unravel this drawback, what now we have completed has been to attach the cranes, the vehicles and the terminal personnel in order that ship info in actual time on its location, pace and trajectory. Info that have to be extremely dependable and extremely correct. This info is distributed securely to a server, the place it’s processed. Algorithms for calculating trajectories and accident prevention are utilized to detect potential danger conditions. Thus, we are able to alert each the stevedoring workers and the terminal workers ”.

The cranes are geared up with 5G and C-V2X connection by means of an on-board unit

“There are two particular use instances for this proof of idea – explains Sergi. The primary is to geolocate and nearly place mounted objects, akin to containers, gentle towers, walkways, reefers, and many others. On this approach we are able to anticipate collisions in low visibility conditions. The second is to geolocate cell components in actual time: cranes, vehicles, foot personnel. That is the good problem ”.

To make this attainable, they’ve geared up the cranes with an on-board unit able to speaking through 5G and thru V2X connectivity with different cranes and with the remainder of the actors. Thus, they’ll obtain acoustic alerts in case of danger of collision or accident. Foot personnel and vehicles, in the meantime, use a smartphone with a V2X software to obtain the notices.

“The alarm system that we’re implementing in our machines – continues Sergi – consists of a visible alarm and an audible alarm. Initially, when the danger is low, a primary sign is distributed. If the danger is accentuated and we detect a danger of instant collision, the sign will increase to alert the motive force to cease the machine. Accuracy is essential, since additionally it is about not disturbing the motive force in his every day operations with false alerts ”.

Pioneers within the software of those applied sciences within the industrial subject

“We depend on a mix of applied sciences – explains Leticia -. Mobile V2X know-how, till now utilized to the related automobile. 5G know-how and our servers edge computing, which give us with ultra-low latency. And a exact location know-how that enables us to acquire centimeter-level places ”.

Due to the C-V2X, cranes and autos can have a 360 imaginative and prescientO. It additionally permits individuals to be included on this related ecosystem, by means of the applying put in on their 5G smartphone. Node edge computing Telefónica’s Digital Knowledge Middle (VDC) service is situated in Barcelona. It homes the intelligence that coordinates industrial site visitors – an software known as Cooperative Clever Transportation System (C-ITS). And the ultra-low latency of 5G and this edge computing make it attainable to have real-time info on all terminal site visitors.

This info can be mirrored in a dashboard that enables APM Terminals to have a visible and instant management of car site visitors and pedestrians in its terminal. “The dashboard – Sergi tells us – it’s going to enable us to implement options to enhance circulation inside the terminal. For instance, if we detect that the dangers are steady in some space. And within the close to future, after we all have smartphones 5G, with a easy software we can detect all of the people who find themselves in our services and have them completely protected ”.

A dashboard will enable the everlasting management of the exercise within the terminal

“Essentially the most outstanding factor about this challenge at a technological stage – continues Leticia – is the fusion of applied sciences. We’ve the collaboration of companions What Ficosa Y Harman. Ficosa has helped us to equip the cranes with on-board models that present the Mobile V2X connectivity and to develop the intelligence that enables the coordination of commercial site visitors. Harman has been answerable for the event of the Mobile V2X software that’s embedded in smartphones. All these applied sciences are an ideal mixture to optimize safety in port operations. We’re being pioneers within the software of this mixture of applied sciences within the industrial subject and particularly in a port terminal ”.

Know-how for a safer trade

5G goes to mark a brand new period. An period through which every little thing might be related, each individuals and machines. And this opens the doorways to a world filled with prospects, the place digitization and automation are going to be key, particularly within the industrial subject.

5G will add worth and safety to industrial processes

Sergi is obvious about it: “Applied sciences akin to 5G, edge computing or the web of issues can have a really optimistic impression on the trade generally and the enterprise world. They may present options and instruments that till now weren’t accessible in lots of sectors. They may add worth to many processes. And they won’t solely assist automate, digitize, remodel the trade. As well as, they’ll give individuals an additional safety of their each day, of their every day work and permit them to return house safely ”.

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